Internationally recognized expert in robotic surgery

Dr. Santiago Horgan is an internationally recognized expert in robot-assisted surgery and other minimally invasive surgical techniques. Dr. Horgan is among the first surgeons trained to perform the Lap-Band Adjustable Gastric Banding System procedure to treat obesity. As the director of UC San Diego’s Center for the Treatment of Obesity, he has performed more than 1,000 Lap-Band procedures. He also instructs other surgeons throughout the United States in the Lap-Band and Realize Band techniques. Also, Dr. Horgan performs other weight-loss surgeries, including gastric sleeve, gastric bypass, and gastric banding with the Realize band.

Specialist in advanced surgical techniques

A specialist in minimally invasive surgical techniques, Dr. Horgan is skilled in using the da Vinci Surgical System, a system that allows surgeons to perform the most complex and delicate procedures through tiny incisions, and with unmatched precision. Dr. Horgan is also a pioneer in the emerging field of Natural Orifice Transluminal Surgery (NOTES), in which surgeons pass surgical instruments through a natural orifice such as the mouth to reach the desired organ.

Scar-free surgical techniques

The NOTES technique can provide patients with a faster recovery time and virtually no scarring by avoiding significant incisions. Dr. Horgan is working with colleagues at UC San Diego’s Center for the Future of Surgery to advance these scarless techniques by investigating, developing, testing, and teaching procedures that will revolutionize the field of surgery. To date, Dr. Horgan has performed more than a dozen NOTES procedures and is involved in continuing clinical trials.

Scope of surgical expertise

Dr. Horgan is also a specialist in esophageal disorders. He uses minimally invasive procedures to treat conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux, achalasia, esophageal cancer, and Barrett’s esophagus.

Before joining the UC San Diego Department of Surgery as Professor of Clinical Surgery in 2006, Dr. Horgan served as Director of the Minimally Invasive Surgery and Robotic Surgery Department and Co-Director of the Swallowing Center at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He was also Director of the Minimally Invasive Bariatric Center in Chicago. In 2005, he was named one of America’s Top Doctors by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd.

Learn more about Dr. Santiago Horgan


Medical and Surgical Training

  • Medical Degree: Buenos Aires University School of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Fellowship: University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA
  • Residency: University of Buenos Aires, School of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina


  • Listed in “America’s Top Doctors” by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd., 2005
Background media


  • Robotic transhiatal esophagectomy. Dis Esophagus. 2020 Nov 26; 33(Supplement_2). Broderick RC, Horgan S, Fuchs HF. PMID: 32399553.
  • More beads, more peristaltic reserve, better outcomes: factors predicting postoperative dysphagia after magnetic sphincter augmentation. Surg Endosc. 2020 Oct 30. Dominguez-Profeta R, Cheverie JN, Blitzer RR, Lee AM, McClain L, Broderick RC, Sandler BJ, Jacobsen GR, Horgan S, Kunkel DC. PMID: 33128078.
  • Fluorescent cholangiography significantly improves patient outcomes for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surg Endosc. 2020 Oct 14. Broderick RC, Lee AM, Cheverie JN, Zhao B, Blitzer RR, Patel RJ, Soltero S, Sandler BJ, Jacobsen GR, Doucet JJ, Horgan S. PMID: 33052527.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound: a powerful tool to modify treatment algorithms in opioid-induced achalasia. Surg Endosc. 2020 Aug 26. Lee AM, Holmgren J, Broderick RC, Cheverie JN, Sandler BJ, Jacobsen GR, Kwong WT, Kunkel DC, Horgan S. PMID: 32845401.
  • It Takes a Village: Sleeve Gastrectomy in a Patient with Heterotaxy Syndrome and Congenital Heart Disease. Obes Surg. 2021 Feb; 31(2):862-864. Dewald SR, Wei JH, Horgan S, Grunvald E. PMID: 32691400.
  • Accuracy of common proton density fat fraction thresholds for magnitude- and complex-based chemical shift-encoded MRI for assessing hepatic steatosis in patients with obesity. Abdom Radiol (NY). 2020 03; 45(3):661-671. Cunha GM, Thai TT, Hamilton G, Covarrubias Y, Schlein A, Middleton MS, Wiens CN, McMillan A, Agni R, Funk LM, Campos GM, Horgan S, Jacobson G, Wolfson T, Gamst A, Schwimmer JB, Reeder SB, Sirlin CB. PMID: 31781899.
  • Morphology of the Esophageal Hiatus: Is It Different in 3 Types of Hiatus Hernias? J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2020 Jan 30; 26(1):51-60. Kumar D, Zifan A, Ghahremani G, Kunkel DC, Horgan S, Mittal RK. PMID: 31677612.
  • Sleeve gastrectomy for treatment of delayed gastric emptying-indications, technique, and results. Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2020 Feb; 405(1):107-116. Lee AM, Fuchs KH, Varga G, Breithaupt W, Neki K, Broderick R, Horgan S. PMID: 31956952. 
  • Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for giant gastric lipoma in morbid obese patient. Cir Cir. 2020; 88(Suppl 1):39-42. Domínguez-Profeta R, Cubas RF, Broderick R, Lee A, Cheverie J, Horgan S. PMID: 32963405. 
  • Transanal hybrid colon resection: techniques and outcomes for benign colorectal diseases. Surg Endosc. 2020 Aug; 34(8):3487-3495. Fuchs KH, Schulz T, Broderick R, Breithaupt W, Babic B, Varga G, Horgan S. PMID: 31559574. 
  • Clinical Presentation of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: A Prospective Study on Symptom Diversity and Modification of Questionnaire Application. Dig Dis. 2020; 38(3):188-195. Broderick R, Fuchs KH, Breithaupt W, Varga G, Schulz T, Babic B, Lee A, Musial F, Horgan S. PMID: 31514190.
  • Magnetic sphincter augmentation: a viable rescue therapy for symptomatic reflux following bariatric surgery. Surg Endosc. 2020 Jul; 34(7):3211-3215. Broderick RC, Smith CD, Cheverie JN, Omelanczuk P, Lee AM, Dominguez-Profeta R, Cubas R, Jacobsen GR, Sandler BJ, Fuchs KH, Horgan S. PMID: 31485930. 
  • Flexible Endoscopic Zenker’s Diverticulotomy with an Articulating Bipolar Energy Sealer. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 11; 161(5):906-908. Weissbrod PA, Jafari A, Liu S, Horgan S, Weisman RA. PMID: 31359815.
  • Paraesophageal hernia repair: a curative consideration for chronic anemia? Surg Endosc. 2020 May; 34(5):2243-2247. Cheverie JN, Lam J, Neki K, Broderick RC, Lee AM, Matsuzaki T, Cubas R, Sandler BJ, Jacobsen GR, Fuchs KH, Horgan S. PMID: 31346751. 
  • Evaluation of treatment and outcomes for Hispanic patients with gastric cancer at Commission on Cancer-accredited centers in the United States. J Surg Oncol. 2019 Jun; 119(7):941-947. Zhao B, Leichman LP, Horgan S, Bouvet M, Kelly KJ. PMID: 30742314.
  • Pilot study on longitudinal change in pancreatic proton density fat fraction during a weight-loss surgery program in adults with obesity. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 10; 50(4):1092-1102. Covarrubias Y, Fowler KJ, Mamidipalli A, Hamilton G, Wolfson T, Leinhard OD, Jacobsen G, Horgan S, Schwimmer JB, Reeder SB, Sirlin CB. PMID: 30701611.
  • Monitoring Fatty Liver Disease with MRI Following Bariatric Surgery: A Prospective, Dual-Center Study. Radiology. 2019 03; 290(3):682-690. Pooler BD, Wiens CN, McMillan A, Artz NS, Schlein A, Covarrubias Y, Hooker J, Schwimmer JB, Funk LM, Campos GM, Greenberg JA, Jacobsen G, Horgan S, Wolfson T, Gamst AC, Sirlin CB, Reeder SB. PMID: 30561273.
  • The effects of provider-prescribed obesogenic drugs on post-laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy outcomes: a retrospective cohort study. Int J Obes (Lond). 2019 06; 43(6):1154-1163. Leggett CB, Desalermos A, Brown SD, Lee E, Proudfoot JA, Horgan S, Gupta S, Grunvald E, Ho SB, Zarrinpar A. PMID: 30242239.
  • Robotic transanal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) with the newest robotic surgical platform: a multi-institutional North American experience. Surg Endosc. 2019 02; 33(2):543-548. Liu S, Suzuki T, Murray BW, Parry L, Johnson CS, Horgan S, Ramamoorthy S, Eisenstein S. PMID: 30006844.
  • Totally endoscopic implant to effect a gastric bypass: 12-month safety and efficacy outcomes. Surg Endosc. 2018 11; 32(11):4436-4442. Sandler BJ, Biertho L, Anvari M, Rumbaut R, Morales-Garza LA, Torres-Barrera G, Marceau S, Hong D, Smith CD, Horgan S. PMID: 29679149.
  • Preventing Rescue Surgeries by Endoscopic Clipping: A Valuable Resource in the Surgeon’s Toolbox. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2018 Apr; 28(4):439-444. Liu S, Jacobsen GR, Sandler BJ, Savides TJ, Fehmi S, Fuchs H, Luo RB, Delong JC, Coker AM, Houghton C, Horgan S. PMID: 29432050.
  • Identifying lost surgical needles with visible and near infrared fluorescent light emitting microscale coating. Surgery. 2018 04; 163(4):883-888. Ward EP, Yang J, Delong JC, Sung TW, Wang J, Barback C, Mendez N, Horgan S, Trogler W, Kummel AC, Blair SL. PMID: 29338879.
  • How bariatric surgery affects liver volume and fat density in NAFLD patients. Surg Endosc. 2018 04; 32(4):1675-1682. PMID: 29218660.
  • Indocyanine green fluorescence-guided parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism. Surgery. 2018 02; 163(2):388-392. DeLong JC, Ward EP, Lwin TM, Brumund KT, Kelly KJ, Horgan S, Bouvet M. PMID: 29129358.
  • Solving the surgeon ergonomic crisis with surgical exosuit. Surg Endosc. 2018 Jan; 32(1):236-244. PMID: 28643066.
  • Feasibility and Technique for Transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery Liver Resection: A Porcine Model. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2017 Feb; 27(1): e6-e11. PMID: 28030435.
  • Laparoscopic Gastropleural Fistula Repair: A Minimally Invasive Solution for a Complex Problem. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2017 Apr; 27(4):416-419. PMID: 28080207.
  • Simple preoperative risk scale accurately predicts perioperative mortality following esophagectomy for malignancy. Dis Esophagus. 2017 01 01; 30(1):1-6. PMID: 26727414.
  • Complications of robotic foregut surgery: risks and advantages. Minerva Chir. 2017 Feb; 72(1):44-60. PMID: 27787481.
  • Peroral endoscopic myotomy after gastric bypass: An effective solution for de novo achalasia. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 Feb; 13(2): e1-e3. PMID: 27916564.
  • Mortality after esophagectomy is heavily impacted by center volume: retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Surg Endosc. 2017 06; 31(6):2491-2497. PMID: 27660245.
  • The benefits and limitations of robotic assisted transhiatal esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. J Vis Surg. 2016; 2:156. DeLong JC, Kelly KJ, Jacobsen GR, Sandler BJ, Horgan S, Bouvet M. PMID: 29078542.
  • Intraoperative Endoscopic Botox Injection During Total Esophagectomy Prevents the Need for Pyloromyotomy or Dilatation. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2016 Jun; 26(6):433-8. PMID: 27043862.
  • Endoscopic revision of gastric bypass: Holy Grail or Epic fail? Surg Endosc. 2016 09; 30(9):3922-7. PMID: 26675939.
  • Increasing the Value of Healthcare: Improving Mortality While Reducing Cost in Bariatric Surgery. Obes Surg. 2015 Dec; 25(12):2231-8. PMID: 25986426.
  • Indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence-guided laparoscopic adrenalectomy. J Surg Oncol. 2015 Nov; 112(6):650-3. PMID: 26420733.
  • Phase II clinical experience and long-term follow-up using the next-generation single-incision platform FMX314. Surg Endosc. 2016 Mar; 30(3):953-60. PMID: 26123331.
  • Quality and safety in obesity surgery-15 years of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass outcomes from a longitudinal database. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2016 Jan; 12(1):33-40. PMID: 26164113.
  • Patients with psychiatric comorbidity can safely undergo bariatric surgery with equivalent success. Surg Endosc. 2016 Jan; 30(1):251-8. PMID: 25847138.
  • Erratum to: Reoperation rates after laparoscopic fundoplication. Surg Endosc. 2015 Mar; 29(3):515. PMID: 25575904.
  • Benefits of bariatric surgery do not reach obese men. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2015 Mar; 25(3):196-201. PMID: 25654317.
  • Single-incision laparoscopic surgery through an ostomy site: a natural approach by an unnatural orifice. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2015 Feb; 25(1):74-8. PMID: 24743670.
  • One-year human experience with a novel endoluminal, endoscopic gastric bypass sleeve for morbid obesity. Surg Endosc. 2015 Nov; 29(11):3298-303. PMID: 25631114.
  • Variation of outcome and charges in operative management for diverticulitis. Surg Endosc. 2015 Nov; 29(11):3090-6. PMID: 25539698.
  • Concomitant cholecystectomy should be routinely performed with laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Surg Endosc. 2015 Nov; 29(11):3106-11. PMID: 25515986.
  • Foramen of Winslow hernia: a minimally invasive approach. Surg Endosc. 2015 Aug; 29(8):2385-8. PMID: 25361659.
  • Laparo-endoscopic transgastric resection of gastric submucosal tumors. Surg Endosc. 2015 Aug; 29(8):2149-57. PMID: 25303921.
  • The price of decreased mortality in the operative management of diverticulitis. Surg Endosc. 2015 May; 29(5):1185-91. PMID: 25159639.
  • Alcohol metabolism is not affected by sleeve gastrectomy. Surg Endosc. 2015 May; 29(5):1088-93. PMID: 25159638.
  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy using a novel single-incision surgical platform through a standard 15 mm trocar: initial experience and technical details. Surg Endosc. 2015 May; 29(5):1250-6. PMID: 25149635.
  • Magnetic lower esophageal sphincter augmentation device removal. Surg Endosc. 2015 Apr; 29(4):984-6. PMID: 25119542.
  • Reoperation rates after laparoscopic fundoplication. Surg Endosc. 2015 Mar; 29(3):510-4. PMID: 24986015.
  • Transanal minimally invasive surgery for benign and malignant rectal neoplasia. Am J Surg. 2014 Sep; 208(3):372-81. PMID: 24832238.
  • Outcomes of robotic-assisted transhiatal esophagectomy for esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiation. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2014 Feb; 24(2):89-94. PMID: 24401141.
  • Transvaginal organ extraction: potential for broad clinical application. Surg Endosc. 2014 Feb; 28(2):484-91. PMID: 24149847.
  • Screening pre-bariatric surgery patients for esophageal disease with esophageal capsule endoscopy. World J Gastroenterol. 2013 Oct 07; 19(37):6188-92. PMID: 24115815.
  • Transesophageal endoscopic myotomy (TEEM) for the treatment of achalasia: the United States human experience. Surg Endosc. 2013 May; 27(5):1803-9. PMID: 23525881.
  • TAMIS-assisted laparoscopic low anterior resection with total mesorectal excision in a cadaveric series. Surg Endosc. 2013 Sep; 27(9):3478-84. PMID: 23494511.
  • Broad clinical utilization of NOTES: is it safe? Surg Endosc. 2013 Jun; 27(6):1872-80. PMID: 23479251.
  • Initial experience with an innovative endoscopic clipping system. Surg Technol Int. 2012 Dec; 22:39-43. PMID: 23225590.
  • eTAMIS: endoscopic visualization for transanal minimally invasive surgery. Surg Endosc. 2013 May; 27(5):1842-5. PMID: 23179071.
  • The effect of restrictive bariatric surgery on urolithiasis. J Endourol. 2013 Feb; 27(2):242-4. PMID: 23006039.
  • Feasibility of transrectal hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy in the cadaveric model. Urology. 2012 Sep; 80(3):590-5. PMID: 22925236.
  • NOTES transvaginal hybrid cholecystectomy: the United States human experience. Surg Endosc. 2013 Feb; 27(2):514-7. PMID: 22806528.
  • Transgastric large-organ extraction: the initial human experience. Surg Endosc. 2013 Feb; 27(2):394-9. PMID: 22806531.
  • Technical aspects of robotic proctectomy. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech. 2012 Jun; 22(3):189-93. PMID: 22678311.
  • Robotic-assisted laparoscopic stage II restorative proctectomy for toxic ulcerative colitis. Int J Med Robot. 2012 Jun; 8(2):178-83. PMID: 22113993.
  • Gastric band removal and conversion to sleeve gastrectomy for vasovagal syncopal episodes associated with adjustable gastric banding placed using pars flaccida technique. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2012 Nov-Dec; 8(6): e75-6. PMID: 21967777.
  • Human experience with an endoluminal, endoscopic, gastrojejunal bypass sleeve. Surg Endosc. 2011 Sep; 25(9):3028-33. PMID: 21487876.
  • Transrectal hybrid natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) nephrectomy in a porcine model. Urology. 2011 Mar; 77(3):518-23. Bazzi WM, Wagner O, Stroup SP, Silberstein JL, Belkind N, Katagiri T, Paleari J, Duro A, Ramamoorthy S, Talamini MA, Horgan S, Derweesh IH. PMID: 21376997.
  • A laboratory training and evaluation technique for robot assisted ex vivo kidney transplantation. Int J Med Robot. 2011 Mar; 7(1):118-22. PMID: 21259416.
  • Estimation of hepatic proton-density fat fraction by using MR imaging at 3.0 T. Radiology. 2011 Mar; 258(3):749-59. Yokoo T, Shiehmorteza M, Hamilton G, Wolfson T, Schroeder ME, Middleton MS, Bydder M, Gamst AC, Kono Y, Kuo A, Patton HM, Horgan S, Lavine JE, Schwimmer JB, Sirlin CB. PMID: 21212366.
  • Video. Single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surg Endosc. 2011 May; 25(5):1664. Thompson K, Spivack A, Fischer L, Wong B, Jacobsen G, Talamini M, Horgan S. PMID: 21069541.
  • Morbid obesity with achalasia: a surgical challenge. Obes Surg. 2010 Oct; 20(10):1456-8. Hagen ME, Sedrak M, Wagner OJ, Jacobsen G, Talamini M, Horgan S. PMID: 20373048.
  • Robotic single-incision transabdominal and transvaginal surgery: initial experience with intersecting robotic arms. Int J Med Robot. 2010 Sep; 6(3):251-5. Hagen ME, Wagner OJ, Inan I, Morel P, Fasel J, Jacobsen G, Spivack A, Thompson K, Wong B, Fischer L, Talamini M, Horgan S. PMID: 20812266.
  • Clinical experience with a multifunctional, flexible surgery system for endolumenal, single-port, and NOTES procedures. Surg Endosc. 2011 Feb; 25(2):586-92. Horgan S, Thompson K, Talamini M, Ferreres A, Jacobsen G, Spaun G, Cullen J, Swanstrom L. PMID: 20734085.
  • Fluorescence laparoscopy imaging of pancreatic tumor progression in an orthotopic mouse model. Surg Endosc. 2011 Jan; 25(1):48-54. Tran Cao HS, Kaushal S, Lee C, Snyder CS, Thompson KJ, Horgan S, Talamini MA, Hoffman RM, Bouvet M. PMID: 20533064.
  • Robotic vs. laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Med Robot. 2010 Jun; 6(2):125-31. Markar SR, Karthikesalingam AP, Hagen ME, Talamini M, Horgan S, Wagner OJ. PMID: 20506440.
  • Video. Magnetic retraction for NOTES transvaginal cholecystectomy. Surg Endosc. 2010 Sep; 24(9):2322. Horgan S, Mintz Y, Jacobsen GR, Sandler BJ, Cullen JP, Spivack A, Easter DW, Chock A, Savu MK, Ramamoorthy S, Bosia J, Agarwal S, Lukacz E, Whitcomb E, Savides T, Talamini MA. PMID: 20177916.
  • Incisionless revision of post-Roux-en-Y bypass stomal and pouch dilation: multicenter registry results. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2010 May-Jun; 6(3):290-5. Horgan S, Jacobsen G, Weiss GD, Oldham JS, Denk PM, Borao F, Gorcey S, Watkins B, Mobley J, Thompson K, Spivack A, Voellinger D, Thompson C, Swanstrom L, Shah P, Haber G, Brengman M, Schroder G. PMID: 20510293.
  • Supra-pubic single incision cholecystectomy. J Gastrointest Surg. 2010 Feb; 14(2):404-7. Hagen ME, Wagner OJ, Thompson K, Jacobsen G, Spivack A, Wong B, Talamini M, Horgan S. PMID: 19908104.
  • Transrectal endoscopic retrorectal access (TERA): a novel NOTES approach to the peritoneal cavity. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2009 Oct; 19(5):603-6. Ramamoorthy SL, Fischer LJ, Jacobsen G, Thompson K, Wong B, Spivack A, Cullen J, Talamini MA, Horgan S. PMID: 19715485.
  • The inflammatory response in transgastric surgery: gastric content leak leads to localized inflammatory response and higher adhesive disease. Surg Endosc. 2010 Mar; 24(3):531-5. Ramamoorthy SL, Lee JK, Luo L, Mintz Y, Cullen J, Easter DW, Savu MK, Chock A, Carethers J, Horgan S, Talamini MA. PMID: 19688397.
  • The impact of proton-pump inhibitors on intraperitoneal sepsis: a word of caution for transgastric NOTES procedures. Surg Endosc. 2010 Jan; 24(1):16-20. Ramamoorthy SL, Lee JK, Mintz Y, Cullen J, Savu MK, Easter DW, Chock A, Mittal R, Horgan S, Talamini MA. PMID: 19551440.
  • NOTES laparoscopic-assisted transvaginal sleeve gastrectomy in humans–description of preliminary experience in the United States. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2009 Sep-Oct; 5(5):633-6. Fischer LJ, Jacobsen G, Wong B, Thompson K, Bosia J, Talamini M, Horgan S. PMID: 19656739.
  • Video. NOTES: transvaginal cholecystectomy with assisting articulating instruments. Surg Endosc. 2009 Aug; 23(8):1900. Horgan S, Mintz Y, Jacobsen GR, Sandler BJ, Cullen JP, Spivack A, Easter DW, Chock A, Savu MK, Ramamoorthy S, Bosia J, Agarwal S, Lukacz E, Whitcomb E, Savides T, Talamini MA. PMID: 19430835.
  • Initial experience with transvaginal incisional hernia repair. Hernia. 2010 Feb; 14(1):89-91. Jacobsen GR, Thompson K, Spivack A, Fischer L, Wong B, Cullen J, Bosia J, Whitcomb E, Lucas E, Talamini M, Horgan S. PMID: 19367443.
  • Natural orifice surgery: initial clinical experience. Surg Endosc. 2009 Jul; 23(7):1512-8. Horgan S, Cullen JP, Talamini MA, Mintz Y, Ferreres A, Jacobsen GR, Sandler B, Bosia J, Savides T, Easter DW, Savu MK, Ramamoorthy SL, Whitcomb E, Agarwal S, Lukacz E, Dominguez G, Ferraina P. PMID: 19343435.
  • Performance measures of surgeon-performed colonoscopy in a Veterans Affairs medical center. Surg Endosc. 2009 Oct; 23(10):2364-8. Tran Cao HS, Cosman BC, Devaraj B, Ramamoorthy S, Savides T, Krinsky ML, Horgan S, Talamini MA, Savu MK. PMID: 19266235.
  • Women’s positive perception of transvaginal NOTES surgery. Surg Endosc. 2009 Aug; 23(8):1770-4. Peterson CY, Ramamoorthy S, Andrews B, Horgan S, Talamini M, Chock A. PMID: 19057953.
  • NOTES: a review of the technical problems encountered and their solutions. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2008 Aug; 18(4):583-7. Mintz Y, Horgan S, Cullen J, Stuart D, Falor E, Talamini MA. PMID: 18721009.
  • Hybrid natural orifice translumenal surgery (NOTES) sleeve gastrectomy: a feasibility study using an animal model. Surg Endosc. 2008 Aug; 22(8):1798-802. Mintz Y, Horgan S, Savu MK, Cullen J, Chock A, Ramamoorthy S, Easter DW, Talamini MA. PMID: 18437477.
  • Dual-lumen natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES): a new method for performing a safe anastomosis. Surg Endosc. 2008 Feb; 22(2):348-51. Mintz Y, Horgan S, Cullen J, Falor E, Talamini MA. PMID: 18027036.
  • NOTES: the hybrid technique. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2007 Aug; 17(4):402-6. Mintz Y, Horgan S, Cullen J, Ramamoorthy S, Chock A, Savu MK, Easter DW, Talamini MA. PMID: 17705716.

UCSD and UABC Interview

OCC’s epidemiologist is closely monitoring the COVID-19 status and is actively issuing updates as they are available. The Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization are the most trusted sources online.  While the CDC has announced new mask protocols for vaccinated individuals, there will be no changes for our office protocols for patients, guests, and staff members as the announcement does not apply to hospitals or medical facilities. Masks are still a requirement for all patients, guests and staff at our facility.

As we reinitiate weight loss surgery, we are constantly adapting and installing new and updated safety measures.

Weight loss surgery is medically necessary.

Bariatric Surgery and the clash of two pandemics.   

Major metabolic and bariatric surgery Societies and colleges globally are now calling for the safe resumption of bariatric and metabolic surgery before the COVID-19 pandemic is declared over. 

The sooner bariatric surgery can be safely performed, the quicker obesity, type 2 diabetes, and other diseases can be reduced or resolved as they are not only chronic they are also progressive.  Obesity is also linked to more than 40 diseases including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stroke, sleep apnea, osteoarthritis, and at least 13 different types of cancer.

A recent statement from the ASMBS says “Before COVID-19 began, it was clear that patients with obesity were ‘safer through surgery.’ In the era of COVID-19, ‘safer through surgery’ for patients with obesity may prove to be even more important than before.” Obesity and Metabolic syndrome have been identified as an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes including death among COVID-19 patients.

See here for full COVID-19 update. 

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